The objective of supporting the utilization of available land for housing development in infill is to address urban sprawl, promote sustainable development, and make efficient use of existing urban infrastructure. Infill development refers to the process of building new structures on vacant or underutilized land within existing urban areas, typically in already developed neighborhoods. This approach contrasts with greenfield development, where new construction takes place on previously undeveloped land at the urban fringe. Here are some key objectives and benefits of infill housing development:
- Utilizing Existing Infrastructure: Developing available land in established neighborhoods allows better utilization of existing infrastructure, such as roads, public transportation, water, and sewage systems. This approach reduces the strain on public resources and encourages sustainable growth.
- Enhancing Walkability and Accessibility: Infill housing often leads to more walkable neighborhoods since it tends to be closer to existing amenities and services. This can improve residents’ quality of life by reducing dependency on cars and increasing access to local businesses and recreational areas.
- Supporting Mixed-Use Development: Infill projects often encourage mixed-use developments, where residential, commercial, and recreational spaces are combined in the same area. This creates vibrant and dynamic neighborhoods, fostering a sense of community and reducing the need for long commutes.
- Preserving Open Spaces: Utilizing available land within existing urban areas helps protect open spaces and natural habitats outside the city. Preserving green spaces can contribute to the overall health and well-being of residents, providing recreational opportunities and mitigating the urban heat island effect.
- Economic Revitalization: Infill development can rejuvenate older neighborhoods, attracting new businesses and residents to areas that may have experienced disinvestment over time. This can lead to increased property values and economic growth for the city.
- Environmental Benefits: By redeveloping underused or vacant lots, infill projects often incorporate modern sustainable building practices, energy-efficient technologies, and eco-friendly designs, reducing the overall environmental impact of urban growth.
While infill development offers many benefits, it also comes with challenges, such as potential opposition from existing residents, the need to balance development with historic preservation, and ensuring affordability for a diverse range of residents. Careful planning and community engagement are essential to achieving successful infill housing development that meets the needs of both current and future inhabitants.